Thursday, 3 January 2013

Britain: First MRSA st398, now Hepatitis E in pigs


Quite aside from antibiotic resistant disease, like MRSA st398, the writer has also been campaigning for an investigation into Hepatitis E in British pigs, the carriage by and risks to veterinarians and farmers for some years. Here are links to just some of the more recent posts, with an idea of the contents.

22 Oct 2012
Hepatitis E in pigs - BBC reports. Finally, after years of struggle, Hepatitis E in pigs in Britain and passing to people has hit the broadcast news. The BBC World Service has carried a report quoting Dr Harry Dalton in Cornwall.
30 Oct 2012
Hepatitis E - Mussels - Scotland. We have long known that British oysters and other shellfish are heavily infected with norovirus. Why they are still on sale baffles us. It has long been obvious that pig effluent is the culprit in ...
23 Oct 2012
Hepatitis E in pigs - BBC reports. we have managed to obtain a transcript from what appears to be an earlier broadcast on the 2nd October 2012. This contains some alarming information for Britain, the United States and ...
04 Oct 2012
This is a story we have been covering for more than two years with increasing concern. We have been worried about Hepatitis E in British pigs, pork and people, not least of illness in pig farmers being investigated by the NHS.
14 Oct 2011
For years we have been campaigning publicly for Britain's pigs to be tested for Hepatitis E and for the results to be released to the public. We know that we have been losing pig farmers to Hepatitis E. Britain's corrupt vetocracy ...
24 Sep 2011
Things get worse. Sausages and sausage meat are a staple foods in Britain. This is a story we have been covering for over a year. Even the Daily Telegraph reported here almost a year ago under the headline: ...
03 Jan 2011
Pig farm showers carry MRSA · Britain's pigs have had Swine Flu H1N1 · MRSA in pigs - the biggest scandal of the 21st cen... Swine Flu - Mutation? Hepatitis E infections soar - Macau & Hong Kong. 2010 (53) ...
22 Oct 2010
Researchers are now beginning a two-year study into the virus strain, thought to be transmitted through pigs. In addition to the deaths, it is thought 55 people have been struck down by the disease in Devon and Cornwall.
18 Oct 2010
Researchers from the Royal Cornwall Hospital in Truro have received a grant of £337,000 to carry out a two-year study with partners in Glasgow and Norwich into a rare form of Hepatitis - Hepatitis E. The grant has come from ...
23 Oct 2010
Hepatitis E - three dead, 55 infected - linked to . .... Hepatitis E is generally thought to be caused by poor sanitary conditions and previously it had been assumed that British sufferers had caught the disease abroad. But Dr ...
26 Aug 2010
Veterinarians worldwide are having a difficult time, especially those handling pigs. Pigs are generally now very diseased and the situation is getting worse by the day. We have known since last year that many veterinarians ... 

Now, almost unnoticed, just before Christmas, scientists have caught up with some of our moaning, groaning and whingeing, and published.

We will just confine ourselves to  quotes related to pigs, pig farming, and cruise shipping.

As you can see once again, as with MRSA st398, science now fully supports our anguished pleas for urgent investigations by Defra, independently collected and  audited, of course.

Full published letter with links here

Hepatitis E Virus Genotype 3 in Shellfish, United Kingdom


Several recent reports have linked the incidence of human infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) to consumption of undercooked pork, game products, and shellfish (1,2). Infectious HEV has been found in swine manure and wastewater (3); therefore, application of manure to land and subsequent runoff could contaminate coastal water, leading to contamination of shellfish and, subsequently, possible human infection...


...However, data have been restricted to questionnaires implicating consumption of shellfish as a source of transmission; no follow-up analyses of the contaminated foodstuff have been conducted. Thus, possible transmission routes for HEV remain poorly studied in the United Kingdom...


...The site at Ardrossan was near a slaughterhouse and a meat preparation purification plant that processes pigs. The plant was considered a potential source of contamination, and mussels were collected in a 10-m2 area around an outfall (drain/sewage pipe) directly in line with the processing plant...

...A total of 36 (92%) of the 39 mussels from the west coast were positive by PCR for HEV, and 5 (55%) of the 9 from the east coast were positive. The mean value of HEV RNA detected in the samples was 4.25 log10 IU/mL (range 3.73–5.2 log10 IU/mL), and the assay was validated by using the current candidate HEV World Health Organization standard ..

...Phylogenetic analysis showed that most bivalve mollusk sequences clustered with HEV genotype 3 from humans and swine...

...Also, HEV sequences isolated specifically from a UK human source corresponded with sequences isolated from the bivalve mollusks. The presence of a swine-like HEV genotype 3 in freshwater bivalve mollusks has also been reported in Japan and South Korea (1,9).
Worldwide, an estimated 40,000 persons die and another 40,000 experience long-term disability as a result of consuming raw or undercooked shellfish ...

...This study, demonstrating the presence of HEV in mussels collected locally in Scotland for human consumption, raises concern as to whether these shellfish are a potential source of infection, as reported (2). The association between environmental contamination with HEV and possible transmission by eating shellfish warrants investigation.

Claire Crossan, Paul J. Baker, John Craft, Yasu Takeuchi, Harry R. Dalton, and Linda ScobieComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, UK (C. Crossan, P.J. Baker, J. Craft, L. Scobie); University College London, London, UK (Y. Takeuchi); European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, UK (H.R. Dalton)